Angular: Call a Parent method in Child Component using @Output

by Dillon -

Angular

In JavaScript frameworks, such as Angular, it’s common for components to communicate with each other and send data back and forth. In this post, I will show you how to call a parent method from a child component in Angular with the @Output decorator using EventEmitters.

In all JavaScript frameworks, it’s common for child components to send information back to a parent components functions.

Usecase for calling a Parent method from a Child Component

A child component could need to call a parent component function to ask for updated information from an API, to send input values to the parent upon an event. In Angular, these methods are called EventEmitters.

What is an EventEmitter?

To call a parent component method from a child component, you need to use an Angular EventEmitter. Emitting events allows your components to communicate with one another when a certain action has been executed, in this example the action is on click.

To emit an event, we need to use the @Output decorator on the child component and register a handler for the event by subscribing to the instance on the parent component.

How to call a parent method from a child component

Call a parent method from a child component

Child Component

In this example child component, we will call a parent component method which displays an alert when a button on the child component is clicked.

To get started, create a Child Component called “ChildComponent”.

The Child Component will need to extend the Parent Component “ParentComponent” class. This will allow the child to Emitt events to the Parent Component.

Use the @Output() decorator with the name of your event, in this case, I have called the event “alert”.

When the button in the template of the Child Component is clicked, the makeAlert() method is called.

This method then Emitts the event “alert”, to which the Parent Component will be subscribed to.

@Component({
   selector: 'child-component',
   template: `I’m a child component <button (click)="makeAlert()">Click Me</button>`
})

export class ChildComponent extends ParentComponent {
     @Output() alert: EventEmitter<string> = new EventEmitter();
     makeAlert(){
          this.alert.emit();
     }
}

Parent Component

In your parent components template, where the child component is included, add a handler that is named the same as the event which is being emitted by the Child Component.

In this case, we should be listening to the “alert” event.

When the event is emitted by the Child Component, the showAlert() method is called. 


@Component({
   selector: 'parent-component',
   template: `
    <p>I’m a parent component</p>
    <child-component (alert)=”showAlert()”></child-component>
  `
})

export class ParentComponent {
     showAlert(){
          alert(“This has been triggered by the child component!”);          
     }
}

Conclusion

You have now successfully called a parent component method from a child component using an EventEmitter in Angular.

Learn more about Decorators in Angular.

Did this help you? If you need any help, leave a comment below!

Dillon Smart

👋 Hey, I'm Dillon!

I’m a Full-Stack developer in the UK, building websites and applications for around 12 years, landing my first full-time job as a developer in 2015.

Feel free to reach out on Twitter!

IKnowThatNow

[…] I have created a full post example of the usage of the @Output decorator.  […]

Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.